Classification of organic olives based on chemometric analysis of elemental data
Hidalgo, Melisa Jazmín
Pozzi, María T.
Furlong, Octavio J.
Marchevsky, Eduardo J.
Pellerano, Roberto Gerardo
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The aim of this study was to discriminate organic from conventional olive samples based on the levels of macro and trace elements, combined with chemometric techniques. Ten elements (Na, K, Ca, Fe, Mg, Cu, Zn, Se, S and P) were determined in organic (n=30) and conventional (n=30) olive samples by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry analysis (ICP-OES). The classification of samples was performed by using a wellknown chemometric techniques, linear discriminant analysis (LDA), partial least square-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), support vector machine-discriminant analysis (SVM-DA), k-nearest neighbors (k-NN) and random forest (RF). The k-NN technique showed the best performance in discriminating organic from conventional samples (Accuracy: 94%) using all chemical variables. After variable reduction, an accuracy of 83% was found by using only the elements K and P. The use of a fingerprint based on multielemental levels associated with classification chemometric techniques may be used as a simple method to authenticate organic olive samples.
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